Introduction of The Sensory Lexicon
Designed by the fine folks over at World Coffee Research Institue, the Sensory Lexicon is a project aimed at designing a system to give us a quantifiable shared language with which to describe both a flavor, as well as its intensity. Designed with scientific research in mind, the Sensory Lexicon is a tool to help scientists to understand exactly how a particular processing method or brewing technique affects the flavor of the coffee. Having a panel of tasters trained and calibrated to use the sensory lexicon gives a much more accurate result than conventional methods of tasting and scoring. There are already commercial versions of coffee-specific sensory calibration tools, such as Le Nez du Cafe, or the Coffee Flavor Map. The problem with systems like these is that they are often designed for commercial use and are more expensive than the average home coffee enthusiast is willing to shell out. Thankfully, the Sensory Lexicon uses mostly reference points that most people have already in their pantries. Given that many of us are currently stuck at home, we can get started on calibrating our palate right away--no need to order any fancy ingredients online--just go to your pantry and fridge, and use what's already there.
How does this work?
First things first, go take a look at the latest version of the WCR's Sensory Lexicon. Good. Now to show you how to use the document, we're going to turn to page 18 and look at how to evaluate the flavor and aroma of Raisin. As you'll see, it is listed as a fruity flavor, described as "The concentrated, sweet, somewhat sour, brown fruity, floral aromatic characteristic of dried grapes". It's reference is Sun-maid raisins, with two intensities listed: Aroma 6.0 and Flavor 5.5. Corresponding to each is a preparation method to give us that calibration point. In the case of Raisin, we know that when prepared properly, we can make a sample that perfectly embodies a "Slightly Intense" Raisin aroma that we can then use to compare to what we're finding in a coffee. Useful stuff, but how do we apply this? Well, by tasting each of these flavors in isolation, it will allow us to more easily notice it when we're actually tasting the coffee. So try to taste and smell as many of the flavors and aromas as you can, to broaden the flavor library you can pull from.
I'm already a pro at this, what next?
Alright, hot-shot. To begin with, we can practice rating the intensity of a flavor or aroma. For instance, we know that an 1/8 a teaspoon of almond extract will give us an intensity of 3.5, and that 1/4 teaspoon will give us an intensity score of six. Try preparing three samples, one at 1/8 teaspoon, one at 1/4 teaspoon, and another with a random amount. If you've got a helper, have them prepare the mystery third sample for you. Then try to rate each of the three flavors and see if you can guess which is which. Is the third sample weaker than the other two? Stronger? Between them, but closer to one or the other? Now check with your helper. Did you guess correctly? Now mix them up and try it again. Throw a fourth sample in there if you're feeling really tough.
The key to becoming a better taster is to taste often, and be mindful of what you're smelling and tasting. This goes for more than just coffee! Every meal, take at least one bite to consider the components of what you're tasting. Take a second to try to identify at least three flavors and think about how strongly you taste them. Is one stronger than another? By how much? What is another food or drink that you associate with that taste?
If you have any questions or comments about anything I’ve written, or just any burning questions you’d like answered about coffee, please e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I’ll try to answer all of your questions individually, and if I get enough people asking the same question, I can compile them into a big FAQ format next week. Until then, taste good coffee and stay well!